CYBERWARZONE – Phishing is a type of cybercrime in which a malicious actor attempts to deceive a victim into providing sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal information. The attackers often do this by sending emails or text messages that appear to come from legitimate sources, such as banks or other organizations.

Phishing page trying to steal Microsoft credentials

These messages often contain links that lead to malicious websites that look like the legitimate ones, and then ask for the user’s personal data. Phishing attacks can also take the form of malicious phone calls, in which attackers pose as legitimate representatives from companies or organizations.

The ultimate goal of phishing attacks is to gain access to confidential data or financial resources.

Spear-phishing attacks

Spear phishing is a type of cyberattack that occurs when a malicious actor sends an email or other communication, typically to a specific individual or organization, in an attempt to gain confidential information or access to a system. The communication is crafted to look as though it came from a reliable and trusted source, such as a colleague, friend, or business partner, in order to increase the likelihood of the recipient responding with the requested information. Spear phishing is a serious security threat, as it is difficult to detect and can have devastating consequences.

Social engineering in phishing attacks

Social engineering is a type of attack that targets people, instead of technology. It uses psychological manipulation and deception to gain access to information, systems, or networks. Social engineers use tactics such as phishing, pretexting, and tailgating to convince victims to give up sensitive information or access to restricted areas. By understanding how people think, social engineers can exploit weaknesses in people and organizations.

Phishing kits usage

A phishing kit is a set of tools used to create fraudulent websites and emails that are designed to look legitimate. Phishers use phishing kits to trick people into giving away personal information, such as their passwords, credit card information, or other sensitive data. The kit typically contains HTML templates, scripts, images, and other resources that can be used to create a convincing copycat website or email message. Phishing kits are often sold on the dark web and many of these “sellers” offer support to install and operate the phishing kit correctly.

Phishing attacks

I regularly check out phishing sites and if I find one which is interesting I write a quick analysis on the found phishing site. In the list below, you can find an overview of various phishing attacks which I gave some attention.

Analysis onDescription
A dive into Phishing kitsA quick glance on some phishing kits
Facebook phishing attackAnalysis on the ‘your account will be deactivated scam’
TikTok phishing attacksTaking a look at the code of some TikTok phishing pages
LinkedIn phishing attacksA view on the LinkedIn ‘Shared Document’ phishing attack
Chase bank phishing attackAnalysis on one of the many Chase bank phishing pages
Lloyd’s bank phishing attackAnalysis on one of the Lloyd’s bank phishing pages
Netflix phishing attackInvestigation on one of the many Netflix phishing pages
A collection of analysis on various phishing pages

How to defend yourself against phishing

To defend yourself against phishing, it is important to be aware of the techniques used by cybercriminals. Be wary of unsolicited emails, text messages, or phone calls that ask for personal information. Do not click on suspicious links or attachments and never provide personal information to someone you do not know.

Verify the authenticity of any website before entering any information by checking the URL, as well as the security certificates associated with the site. Additionally, use strong passwords that contain a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols, and use a different password for each account. Finally, use two-factor authentication whenever possible.

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