The abbreviation IP stands for ‘Internet Protocol’. An IP address refers to a unique string of numbers, separated by full stops, that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.
There are basically two types of IP addresses. These may be dynamic IP addresses or static IP addresses.
Static IP addresses are generally preferred for gaming, Voice over Internet Protocol and so on. They are often considered to be less secure than dynamic IP addresses.
IP addresses have also been divided into classes, namely, Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D and Class E.
The IP address 192.168.1.1 is often considered the default gateway for many routers. The numbers from 18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124 refer to a block of reserved IP addresses which are completely private and cannot be routed on the internet.
These IP addresses are important for NAT, which refers to Network Address Translation. They also play a key role in mitigating the complete exhaustion of the IPv4 address space as we transition to IPv6 by allowing many devices to share a single public IP address. There may be thousands of devices that share IP addresses in this particular private range of addresses.
The first and the last IP address of the range are not usable and the remaining IP addresses are used for some purposes. It is, therefore, possible to have 254 devices on a particular network because all the devices in the network should have unique IP addresses.
An addressing conflict is said to occur when two devices on the same local network claim to have the same IP address.
Fixing the Issues
One may often face trouble reaching the router login page in case of the IP address 192.168.1.1. The reasons for not being able to reach the login page may include entering a wrong IP address, a hardwired connection configuration issue, a bad Ethernet connection, or issues related with the router or the IP address.
These issues may be solved by either checking if the IP address has been entered correctly and all the connections have been made correctly, or by power cycling. Power cycling happens to be one of the quickest ways and often proves very useful. Changing the cables may work if the fault was with the cables.
In the case where you are able to reach the login page and still face errors or other issues, make sure that you are entering the correct username and password.
Viewing the IP Address
In order to view the IP address for Windows XP, Windows Vista or Windows 7, the IPCONFIG command is used. The steps for this have been listed as follows.
In case of Windows 8, the procedure is slightly different. It involves pressing and holding the windows key along with X at the same time and then typing IPCONFIG in the box. Finally press Enter.
These procedures in their respective versions of Windows will return the IP address of your router.