Mosquitos & the Zika virus: causes brain damaged and small headed babies

I have been reading about the Zika virus, it is a virus which can cause brain damage to unborn babies, but to make it worse, the Zika virus is also known for making the heads of the unborn babies smaller.

The first time I heard about it was around a week ago and it really shocked me to hear that such a virus is being transferred by mosquitos, this means that if you get bitten by an mosquito which is infected with the Zika virus, your (future) child might be affected with brain damage and a small head.

The CDC stated that: “There are no known locally transmitted instances of the virus in the United States, but cases have been reported in returning travelers”, but if we look further, there already has been an report from Miami which concluded that an baby was born with the Zika symptons.

The CDC states that the following countries should be avoided by pregnant females:

Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela and Puerto Rico – and in all cases, if the travel to that country is going to take place – always inform your doctor.

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes

The Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are responsible for the transfer of the Zika virus – Aedes aegypti mosquitoes live in tropical and subtropical regions around the globe.

2006 Prof. Frank Hadley Collins, Dir., Cntr. for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Univ. of Notre Dame This 2006 photograph depicted a female Aedes aegypti mosquito while she was in the process of acquiring a blood meal from her human host, who in this instance, was actually the biomedical photographer, James Gathany, here at the Centers for Disease Control. You’ll note the feeding apparatus consisting of a sharp, orange-colored “fascicle”, which while not feeding, is covered in a soft, pliant sheath called the "labellum”, which retracts as the sharp stylets contained within pierce the host's skin surface, as the insect obtains its blood meal. The orange color of the fascicle is due to the red color of the blood as it migrates up the thin, sharp translucent tube. The first reported epidemics of Dengue (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) occurred in 1779-1780 in Asia, Africa, and North America. The near simultaneous occurrence of outbreaks on three continents indicates that these viruses and their mosquito vector have had a worldwide distribution in the tropics for more than 200 years. During most of this time, DF was considered a mild, nonfatal disease of visitors to the tropics. Generally, there were long intervals (10-40 years) between major epidemics, mainly because the introduction of a new serotype in a susceptible population occurred only if viruses and their mosquito vector, primarily the Aedes aegypti mosquito, could survive the slow transport between population centers by sailing vessels.
Prof. Frank Hadley Collins, Dir., Cntr. for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, Univ. of Notre 

A mosquito that bites an infected person can then spread the disease by biting other people.