Sometimes using just delet key is not enough if when you want to really erase files and folders ,actucally data are stil on your hard disk but “Deallocated”. Until the deallocated space is overwritten ,with alow-level disk editor or data-recovery software you can recover the deleted data.
Microsoft windows little-known command line tool called Cipher.exe which used by administrators to encrypt and decrypt data on drives have a switch to prevent unauthorized recovery of deallocated data.
How to Use the Cipher Security Tool to Overwrite Deleted Data
Note The cipher /w command does not work for files that are smaller than 1 KB. Therefore, make sure that you check the file size to confirm whether is smaller than 1 KB. This issue is scheduled to be fixed in longhorn.
To overwrite deleted data on a volume by using Cipher.exe, use the /w switch with the cipher command:
- Quit all programs.
- Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then press ENTER.
- Type cipher /w:folder, and then press ENTER, where folder is any folder in the volume that you want to clean. For example, the cipher /w:c:\test command causes all deallocated space on drive C to be overwritten. If C:\folder is a Mount Point or points to a folder on another volume, all deallocated space on that volume will be cleaned.
Data that is not allocated to files or folders is overwritten. This permanently removes the data. This can take a long time if you are overwriting a large amount of space.