This page contains a comprehensive list of terms related to cybersecurity and IT that start with the letter W.
These terms cover a wide range of topics including wireless security, web applications, and network infrastructure.
WAF (Web Application Firewall)
Web Application Firewall (WAF) is a security tool designed to protect web applications by monitoring and filtering HTTP traffic between a web application and the internet.
WAP (Wireless Access Point)
A Wireless Access Point (WAP) is a hardware device that allows wireless devices to connect to a wired network using Wi-Fi.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol for wireless networks. It provides weak security and is no longer recommended for use.
Web Security refers to the process of securing websites, web applications, and web services from various online threats such as malware, hacking, phishing, and other cyber attacks.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a security protocol for wireless networks. It provides better security than WEP and is currently the recommended security protocol for wireless networks.
A worm is a type of malware that spreads through computer networks by exploiting vulnerabilities in software or using social engineering techniques to trick users into executing malicious code.
Wi-Fi is a wireless networking technology that allows devices to connect to the internet and other devices without the need for cables or wires.
Whaling is a type of phishing attack that targets high-profile individuals such as executives and senior managers to gain access to sensitive information or to carry out financial fraud.
White Hat Hacker
A White Hat Hacker is a computer security professional who uses their skills to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in systems and networks in order to improve their security.
The Windows Registry is a database used by the Microsoft Windows operating system to store configuration settings and other system-related information. It can be accessed and modified using the Windows Registry Editor.
Wi-Fi Direct is a technology that allows two devices to connect to each other without a wireless access point. It uses Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) or Near Field Communication (NFC) for device discovery and peer-to-peer connection.
A weak password is a password that can be easily guessed or cracked by attackers. It is important to use strong passwords, which include a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters, and to avoid using common words or personal information.
A wireless network is a network that allows devices to connect to the internet or each other without the use of physical cables. It uses radio waves to transmit data between devices.
Watering Hole Attack
A watering hole attack is a type of cyber attack that targets a specific group of users by infecting websites that they are likely to visit. The attacker compromises a website and installs malware, which is then downloaded by the visitors of the website.
Wireless sniffing is the process of capturing and analyzing wireless network traffic. This is often done by attackers to intercept sensitive information, such as usernames and passwords.
A web-based attack is a type of cyber attack that targets vulnerabilities in web applications. This can include injecting malicious code into web pages, exploiting vulnerabilities in the underlying web server, or stealing sensitive information from web applications.
Wireless Penetration Testing
Wireless penetration testing is the process of assessing the security of a wireless network by simulating an attack. This is done by identifying vulnerabilities in the network and exploiting them to gain unauthorized access.
WORM (Write Once Read Many)
WORM is a type of storage device that allows data to be written only once and then read many times. This is often used for archiving data that needs to be preserved for a long time.
Wiping is the process of securely erasing data from a storage device, such as a hard drive or a flash drive. This is often done to protect sensitive information from falling into the wrong hands.
Wireless Intrusion Detection System (WIDS)
Wireless Intrusion Detection System (WIDS) is a type of security system designed to detect and alert network administrators of unauthorized access attempts to wireless networks. WIDS can detect rogue access points, spoofed MAC addresses, and other wireless attacks.
Wireless Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (WIDPS)
Wireless Intrusion Detection and Prevention System (WIDPS) is a type of security system designed to detect and prevent unauthorized access attempts to wireless networks. WIDPS combines the features of WIDS and Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS) to not only detect but also prevent wireless attacks.
Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS)
Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS) is a type of security system designed to prevent unauthorized access attempts to wireless networks. WIPS can detect rogue access points, spoofed MAC addresses, and other wireless attacks, and then take appropriate action to block them.
Web shell is a type of malicious script that hackers use to take control of a web server or a web application. Once installed, web shells allow attackers to execute arbitrary commands on the web server, which can result in data theft, system compromise, and other malicious activities.
Wildcard Mask is a term used in networking to define a range of IP addresses. It is used in conjunction with subnet masks to determine which IP addresses are allowed or blocked by network access control lists (ACLs).
Wireless LAN (WLAN)
Wireless LAN (WLAN) is a type of local area network (LAN) that uses wireless communication to connect devices. WLANs are commonly used in homes, offices, and public places, such as airports and coffee shops, to provide internet access to users without the need for cables.
Web Server is a computer program that delivers web content, such as web pages and web applications, to clients over the internet. Web servers use various protocols, such as HTTP and HTTPS, to communicate with clients and provide them with the requested content.
Workload is a term used to describe the amount of processing power, memory, storage, and other resources required to run a specific application or workload. In IT, workload is often used to determine the size and capacity of infrastructure, such as servers and storage systems.
Web Crawler is a type of software that automatically browses the internet and collects information from web pages. Web crawlers are commonly used by search engines, such as Google and Bing, to index web pages and build their search databases.
Wireless Key Logger
Wireless Key Logger is a type of hardware or software device that captures keystrokes entered on a wireless keyboard. Wireless key loggers are commonly used by attackers to steal sensitive information, such as passwords and credit card numbers, from unsuspecting users.
A wireless bridge is a networking device that connects two or more network segments together wirelessly. It is often used to extend the range of a wireless network or to connect two physically separated networks.
Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi)
Wi-Fi is a wireless networking technology that allows devices to connect to the internet and communicate with each other wirelessly. It is a widely used technology for connecting to the internet, particularly in homes and businesses.
A web application is a software application that runs on a web server and is accessed through a web browser. It allows users to interact with the application through a web interface, rather than through a desktop application.
A Wi-Fi analyzer is a tool used to analyze and optimize wireless network performance. It allows users to see which wireless networks are available in the area, as well as their signal strength, channel usage, and other parameters.
War dialing is the practice of dialing a large number of phone numbers in an attempt to find a computer or modem connected to a network. It is often used to identify vulnerable systems that can be exploited for unauthorized access.
The Wi-Fi Pineapple is a wireless networking device used for penetration testing and hacking. It is designed to mimic a legitimate wireless access point and capture sensitive information from unsuspecting users.
A WAF (Web Application Firewall) bypass is a technique used to circumvent the security measures put in place by a WAF. It can be used to exploit vulnerabilities in web applications and gain unauthorized access to sensitive information.
Web scraping is the process of automatically extracting data from websites. It is often used for data mining or research purposes, but can also be used for malicious purposes such as stealing data or intellectual property.
Web cookies are small text files that are stored on a user’s computer when they visit a website. They are often used to track user behavior and preferences, and can be used for targeted advertising.
Web Application Security Scanner (WASS)
A web application security scanner is a tool used to identify vulnerabilities in web applications. It automates the process of scanning web applications for common security issues, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities.
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