History of attacks
In 1991, it was reported by somebody in the air force that a computer virus named AF/91 was created and was installed on a printer chip and made its way to Iraq via Amman, Jordan. Its job was to make the Iraqi anti-aircraft guns malfunction; however, according to the story, the central command center was bombed and the virus was destroyed.The virus; however, was found to be a fake.
In 1998, in order for US and NATO to bomb Serbian targets successfully in Kosovo, the USA needed to hack into the Serbian air defense system and trick the Serbian Air Traffic Controllers.The US accomplished its goal so well that there was concern about continuing or escalating the attacks because the US didn't want to hack into any further Serbian targets because of fear of damaging civilian targets.
The United States has come under attack from computers and computer networks situated in China and Russia. See Titan Rain and Moonlight Maze.
In 2007, the United States government suffered an "an espionage Pearl Harbor" in which an "unknown foreign power...broke into all of the high tech agencies, all of the military agencies, and downloaded terabytes of information."
On May 17, 2007 Estonia came under cyber attack. The Estonian parliament, ministries, banks, and media were targeted.
On 14 December 2007 the website of the Kyrgyz Central Election Commission was defaced during its election. The message left on the website read "This site has been hacked by Dream of Estonian organization". During the election campaigns and riots preceding the election, there were cases of Denial-of-service attacks against the Kyrgyz ISPs.
Georgian and Azerbaijani sites were attacked by hackers during the 2008 South Ossetia War.
On March 28, 2009, a cyber spy network, dubbed GhostNet, using servers mainly based in China has tapped into classified documents from government and private organizations in 103 countries, including the computers of Tibetan exiles, but China denies the claim.
In July 2009, there were a series of coordinated cyber attacks against major government, news media, and financial websites in South Korea and the United States.
In December 2009, a cyber attack, dubbed Operation Aurora, was launched from China against Google and over 20 other companies.