The exploding use of information systems and networks has led to an increasingly interconnected world.
Computer networks now support critical infrastructures such as energy, transportation, and banking and finance, and play a major part in how companies do business, how governments provide services to citizens and enterprises, and how people communicate and exchange information.
The number and nature of technologies has multiplied and will continue to grow, as has the nature, volume, and sensitivity of information that is moving from place to place.
At the same time, these information systems and networks are being exposed to a growing variety of new threats. Electronic commerce and the marketplace cannot thrive without strong and safe information networks which the public can trust.
One element of assuring such secure networks is a comprehensive legal framework to deter, identify, and prosecute attacks on them.
Criminals, like businesses, governments, and individuals, take advantage of the ability of computers to store large amounts of information.
The use of computers as storage devices generally does not require the creation of new substantive laws, but the growth of electronic evidence may require a country to consider amendments to laws regulating the access to such evidence by