On a scale of one to 10, American readiness to deflect a major cyber-attack on its infrastructure is “around three,” head of the National Security Agency and the US Cyber Command said in a rare speech at a hacker conference.
General Keith B. Alexander was attending on Thursday the Aspen Security Forum at the Aspen Institute, a major cyber-security event held for the 20th time this year.
Cyber warfare is war without any noise, tanks or aircraft. Currently, it is a profitable, relatively risk-free and anonymous crime. It is often difficult to identify the origin or perpetrators of the attack - and this is the main problem.
In order to be more effective, all the parties involved must work together: NATO, the private sector, international organizations, academia. By the end of 2012, a rapid reaction team (RRT) capability of NATO cyber defence experts will be operational.
International sanctions stopped Iran from obtaining anti-virus software, slowing down the process of cleaning out the Stuxnet virus.
International sanctions stopped Iran from obtaining anti-virus software, according to a senior Iranian intelligence official. As a result, an estimated 16,000 computers were infected by the Stuxnet virus, a cyber pandemic that has taken years to clean out.